The First Global Ministerial Conference of the World Health Organization (WHO), under the auspices of “Ending tuberculosis in the SDG era: A multisectoral response”, was an unprecedented global event and was held in Moscow from the 16th to 17th of November.
Nowadays, tuberculosis has become a major infectious disease that takes the lives of millions of people around the world. In recent years, it has had profound social and economic consequences, and the public health crisis continues in many countries. As recent experience has shown, joint global efforts have saved the lives of millions of people, but various investments and programs have proved inadequate to put an end to the raging epidemic of tuberculosis. Therefore, it is intersectoral decisions of the high level that are necessary, and it is the measures taken with regard to tuberculosis that can serve as an indicator of the implementation of the sustainable development agenda.
The First Global Ministerial Conference of the World Health Organization “Ending tuberculosis in the SDG era: A multisectoral response” was aimed at accelerating the implementation of the World Health Organization’s TB elimination strategy by countries, as well as on the adoption of urgent measures to access health care, to achievement of weighty targets of the Strategy for the Elimination of Tuberculosis, adopted by the World Health Assembly, and the Goals in the area of Sustainable Development Agency of the United Nations (UN).
The president Vladimir Putin took part in the inauguration of the First Global Ministerial Conference of the World Health Organization and noted Russia’s achievements in the fight against tuberculosis. The President of the Russian Federation noted that the incidence of tuberculosis in Russia declined by 37% in 8 years, while the rate of decline in the country’s incidence reached 2.8%, with an average world figure of 1.5%. Vladimir Putin stressed that the Russian Federation is implementing a comprehensive individual approach to the treatment of the disease, taking into account the genetic analysis of the pathogen, and also creating advanced modern vaccines and developing tests based on the latest biotechnologies.
Ministers and vice ministers of health and other departments from 194 WHO Member States, heads and representatives of the United Nations and development agencies and regional organisms, other international and non-governmental organizations, as well as participants of national programs to combat tuberculosis took part in the conference. This conference is called global not only because of the number of participants, about a thousand, but also in accordance with its main goal – to unite efforts in the fight against the leading infectious disease of the world scale.
The main outcome of The First Global Ministerial Conference of the World Health Organization was the signing of the Ministerial Declaration which is expected to become the basis for the most important documents adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2018. The Minister of Health of the Russian Federation, Veronika Skvortsova, in her speech, noted the importance of the Ministerial Conference and stressed that Russian medicine plans to finally defeat tuberculosis in Russia by 2030.
It is necessary to note the active participation of representatives from Latin American countries where the problem of fighting infectious diseases is most acute. In early 2017, Russia and Nicaragua signed a number of agreements on the joint creation of innovative vaccines against such dangerous diseases, typical for the countries of the region, as zike infection, dengue fever and chikungunya fever. The Pan American Health Organization has approved the production of Russian vaccines in Nicaragua. As part of the Ministerial Conference in Moscow, Rosario Murillo, the Vice-President of Nicaragua, presented the report on the results of successful joint work with the Russian Federation aimed at combating dangerous infectious diseases, including, she stressed the significant reduction in the risk of tuberculosis over the past 10 years in Nicaragua.
The report on the main directions of the fight against tuberculosis was presented by the the Vice-Minister of Health of the Plurinational State of Bolivia, Dr. Álvaro Terrazas Peláez. He noted the importance of cooperation between Latin American countries, in particular Bolivia, with Russia on health issues and the fight against dangerous infectious diseases. Within the framework of the Moscow conference, the Vice-Minister of Health managed to participate in bilateral meetings with representatives of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation and outline the main goals and objectives for further Russian-Bolivian cooperation.
On the margins of the First Global Ministerial Conference of the World Health Organization (WHO), under the auspices of “Ending tuberculosis in the SDG era: A multisectoral response”, it was repeatedly noted that the spread of tuberculosis in the XXI century is directly related to the processes of globalization and international migration, for which modern medicine, states, does not have time. However, it is worth paying attention to the influence of social aspects, the level of economic development of the country and the functioning of health policy instruments. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, the head of the World Health Organization, and Mrs. Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, also attended the conference in Moscow. They emphasized the importance of combining efforts not only with tuberculosis, but also with other diseases.